At Casale Monferrato the PLF carries out research work on poplars and willows. Its experimental activity is chiefly aimed at developing new clones with particular qualities such as quick growth, disease resistance and production of high-quality wood, adaptable to varying soil environments.
Techniques of intensive cultivation are investigated, in traditional plantations for biomass, as well as extensive or semi-extensive forestry models which respond better to the requirements of ecologically sustainable arboriculture. Likewise, types of cultivation are studied which are best-suited to projects for the regeneration of waste land and restoration of natural river-bank environments.
Research work is carried out through projects which may involve collaboration with other Italian or international institutes. The PLF also undertakes experimentation, publication, consultancy and technical assistance for poplar growers, and training for both Italian and foreign technicians.